School dropout of adolescent mothers in a Colombian-Venezuelan border context

María Antonia Cuberos de Quintero, Marisela Vivas García, Myriam Teresa Carreño Paredes, Neida Coromoto Albornoz Arias, Rina Mazuera Arias, Jorge Isaac García Navarro

Abstract


The objective was to compare school dropout of adolescent mothers in the Venezuelan-Colombian border of Táchira State and the North of Santander, considering as factors the age at the moment of abandoning the studies, the educational level and the school performance before the desertion for the determination of requirements conducive to social development. The quantitative methodology was used with two samples: 235 adolescent mothers in Táchira and 406 in North of Santander. The results indicate for both contextsa statistically significant association between school dropout before pregnancy and age at school dropout, educational level and independence with previous academic performance. It is noted that in the abandonment of studies, influences the sociological age by an advance of roles unrelated to chronological age. It is concluded that a quality education that involves professional preparation and stops adolescent pregnancy through curricular planning according to childhood and youth that motivates intrinsically and extrinsically towards a better future is required in the studied reality.

Keywords


school dropout; adolescent pregnancy; Venezuelan-Colombian border

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13136/isr.v9i1.212

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 - Peer Reviewed Journal
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Scientific Magazine classified for ANVUR (Resolution n.89 del 6th November 2012)

ISSN 2239-8589 | Managing Editor: Debora Viviani | Editor in Chief: Paola Di Nicola